Pythagoras of Samos
Not much is known about Pythagoras and nothing about his life and work can be proven. Probably, he lived around 500 BC. He may have studied Babylonian and Egyptian mathematics while traveling in those areas.
We know, however, quite a lot about the Pythagorean schools.
Their students thought about philosophical
questions like reincarnation and studied sciences, especially mathematics
and astronomy. (Astronomy was part of mathematics back then). They made
many new discoveries on these subjects. The Pythagoreans
were also politically active. One of their most famous members was the philosopher
It is remarkable that women too were admitted. A couple of hundred years later, the wide spread attitude about women was that they are backwards in physical and mental strength and if you educate them, they only get chattery to top it off.