#
Emmy Noether

Emmy Noether was one of the most influencial algebraicians of the 20th century. She was born in
Germany as the daughter of a wealthy Jewish family. Even though her father was a math professor,
she attended a girls college that taught mainly
languages and home economics. Afterwards she earned a degree in teaching English and French.

Only now she decided to study at a university. At that time it still was a big deal for a woman to
attend a university; in her class, out of 1000 students, only two were female and
she was the only one to study sciences.

Since she was a woman, she couldn't hand in her thesis. A professor let her lecture as his "assistant"
and she soon collected a group of students around her. They talked about mathematical problems and she helped
them with their dissertations, even before she could get her own Ph.D.

In 1919, after the German empire broke up, Noether's thesis was accepted and she got her first job as
a professor, though unpaid for the first year. Later she got paid a minimal wage. She soon was
famous in the world of mathematicians, and
students from all over the world came to study with her because she was known to be
of great help. She once wrote about herself:

"My methods are working and learning methods, and have
therefore anonymously made their way into every mathematical field."

In 1933 her teaching permit was taken away because she was Jewish.
A friend helped her to get a job at a girls school
near Princeton, NJ, and she emigrated to the U.S. Soon she was surrounded once more with
students who came from Princeton to engage with her in long
mathematical discussions. When she unexpectedly died two years later, the whole mathematical world
mourned its loss.